Swiss engineering group ABB will provide a full electrification and automation package for the world’s first fossil-free hydrogen-powered steel plant in northern Sweden.
HYBRIT (Hydrogen Breakthrough Ironmaking Technology) is a groundbreaking effort to reduce CO2 emissions in the steel industry by replacing coal with hydrogen in the steelmaking process.
The initiative was started in 2016 by the steel, mining and energy companies SSAB, LKAB and Vattenfall and has the potential to reduce Sweden’s total carbon dioxide emissions by 10%.
Read more: HYBRIT – A journey toward fossil-free steel
Three pilot projects have been launched, paving the way towards the world’s first large-scale fossil-free means of steel production.
The pilot plant in Luleå, northern Sweden, is expected to be in place in 2020 and SSAB will be able to produce the first fossil-free steel from 2026. By 2035, the goal is to sell fossil-free steel on a broad front.
To maximise the pilot plant’s energy efficiency, ABB will supply dry-insulated Resibloc transformers which combine low environmental impact with high personal safety and intelligent, low-voltage Universal Motor Controller (UMC) switchgears, together with ABB frequency converters.
The pilot plant will be integrated into the latest version of ABB Ability™ 800xA with Select I/O solutions for greater flexibility in design and increased scalability.
ABB will also deliver the ABB Ability™ System 800xA Simulator, a software simulation solution that allows operators to learn and test processes in a disconnected, safe and offline environment to enable swift commissioning and reduce the risk of unplanned shutdowns.
“HYBRIT is a milestone for the Swedish steel industry and a crucial step in Sweden’s transition to a more sustainable society,” said Björn Jonsson, Hub Business Line Manager, North Europe, Process Industries, ABB.
“We are extremely proud that ABB technology can make such a valuable contribution to creating fossil-free steel production.”
Electrification and automation from ABB will be delivered as an eHouse solution. This involves the location of three containers outside the pilot plant, for power distribution, low-voltage switchgears and frequency converters, and control systems.
The eHouse solution offers an efficient use of space. In addition, since all equipment has been tried and tested before delivery, commissioning will be faster than traditional solutions.