Thanks to its excellent wind conditions and the resulting low electricity prices, Chile has very high potential for the production, export and local use of green hydrogen in an international comparison. And it’s for exactly this reason that the South American country is set to be home to a first-of-its-kind project that will channel these powerful winds to produce climate-neutral fuels (e-fuels) from green hydrogen in a big step towards the decarbonisation of the transport sector.
Chile has aspirations to produce the cheapest green hydrogen on the planet before the end of the decade and wants to be among the world’s top three exporters by 2040. And it is local Chilean energy company AME (Andes Mining & Energy) that is pioneering in this field. Its daughter company HIF (Highly Innovative Fuels) is developing and implementing a world first project located in Magallanes Province: the ‘Haru Oni’ project. It will produce 130,000 litres of e-fuels, derived from green hydrogen, per year in its pilot phase, starting in 2022, for export all over the world. This will significantly scale up to produce 55 million litres of e-fuels by 2024 and ramp up to around 550 million litres of e-fuels by 2026. For context, the project will provide enough fuel for more than one million people to drive their cars for nearly a year!
Besides HIF, a lineup of international companies are also involved in the Haru Oni project including Siemens Energy, Porsche, Enel and the state-owned utility Enap.
“When we talk about e-fuels, we have to look first at the availability of renewable energies globally,” Karl Dums, Director of Advanced Engineering Powertrain and Powertrain Strategy at Porsche, told H2 View. “The global distribution of solar and wind energy is very uneven. The best sites for the generation of electric energy from wind power are to be found down in the very south of South America and the Himalayas. Here full-load hours reach the level of utilisation efficiency that are the highest values worldwide for renewable energy generation plants.
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