The G20 Karuizawa Innovation Action Plan on Energy Transitions and Global Environment for Sustainable Growth, released on 16th June 2019, called on the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) to develop the analysis of potential pathways to a hydrogen-enabled clean energy future – noting that hydrogen as well as other synthetic fuels can play a major role in in the clean energy future, with a view to long-term strategies.
IRENA has since released the report Hydrogen: A Renewable Energy Perspective, providing a more in-depth perspective on the nexus between hydrogen and renewable energy and the scale up required to improve the economics of hydrogen energy adoption.
IRENA has also published this report for the shipping sector, titled Navigating the Way to a Renewable Future: Solutions to Decarbonise Shipping, which presents preliminary findings for the UN Climate Action Summit 2019.
Published in September 2019, the report presents analysis and exploration of the impact of maritime shipping on CO2 emissions, the structure of the shipping sector, and key areas that need to be addressed to reduce the sector’s carbon footprint. Furthermore, this IRENA paper reviews the principal, existing policy frameworks that address GHG and airborne emissions. It also looks at the potential clean fuels and renewable-based means of propulsion that can shift historical emissions trends.