From the buildings you live in, the cars you drive, appliances in your house, to the equipment manufacturing our goods, steel makes up some part of it, making its way into all of our daily lives. With 1,950.5 million tonnes produced in 2021, according to the World Steel Association1, it appears to be one of the most intertwined materials in our societies.
Despite the high demand and use, steel production remains to be highly emission-intensive, with The Industry Transition reporting that annual steel production generates approximately three billion tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions, accounting for 8% of global carbon dioxide emissions2.
Our reliance on the material and continuation of using carbon-heavy production methods pose a strong threat to goals of meeting Net Zero emissions by 2050. However, in recent years the possibilities to decarbonise this hard-to-abate sector have grown thanks to the development of hydrogen technologies.
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