MENA region ‘in prime position’ to produce green steel
MENA region ‘in prime position’ to produce green steel

MENA region ‘in prime position’ to produce green steel

The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region is in a prime position to start producing carbon-neutral or green steel, according to a new report from the Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis.

Report author Soroush Basirat said the MENA region – with its abundant solar power which can aid production of green hydrogen from renewable electricity – can lead the world if it shifts promptly to renewables and applies green hydrogen in its steel sector.

The region’s sector is dominated by direct reduced iron-electric arc furnace (DRI-EAF) technology, which releases lower emissions than the increasingly obsolete coal-fuelled blast furnace and basic oxygen furnace (BF-BOF) process used in 71% of global crude steel production in 2021.

Basirat says the DRI-EAF process, which uses syngas made from natural gas or gasified coal and also electricity, could be zero emissions if green hydrogen (produced using renewable energy-powered electrolysis) and electric arc furnaces powered by renewable energy were used.

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